Let’s Create a Responsive Web Design
In this era where the internet is available on all devices, you can get internet service using a computer, laptop, mobile phone, or iPad. In the old days, websites were just for computer design, but now, with these new advancements, static websites are no longer enough for the users because these static websites look only good when opened on big screens like on the computer.
But when you open them on mobile phones or iPads, their designers get disturbed, so users won’t be able to enjoy the web design. Always remind yourself while developing the web design that laptop, screen, mobile screen, or iPad screen are different. So you have to make the web design in a way that will be suitable for all screens, not just one.
Pushing your web design in a single column and ignoring others might cause you trouble. Develop the web design while remembering all the screens and dimensions of screens of all devices so that it can look good on all devices.
With responsive web design, you can create a web design suitable for all types of screens. It will look best on mobile phones, computers, laptops, or tablets. This is also the feature that will help your website to grow faster and with more effectiveness.
If your website design is not suitable for mobile phones, users will not recommend your website to open it; they have to go to a laptop or computer. Creating a suitable web design can be easy with the help of responsive web design. This article will shed some light on the responsive web design that will catch all the sights.
Responsive Web Design
As its name indicates, it will be the one that is more responsive in its work. Responsive web design is the process that will ensure that the website you are designing will be adaptable for all user’s devices, not just one or two. The website’s main purpose is to retain the optimal usability and appearance on all the devices on which the users open the website.
Getting permanent customers for your websites requires some hard work and effort. You have to make your website more attractive and be like the one that is more likable by the users or even to those people who are new to your website. If your website is only open on laptops or computer screens, it will get fewer users. People like to use apps or websites that are easy to use, and they can use them even while lying on their beds.
Responsive web design will enable the delivery of multiple or separate layouts of all the website content and design to different devices depending on screen size. Responsive website design ensures that the content is easily readable by the users, whatever device they use. You can create responsive web design with the help of flexible grids, layouts, responsive images, and CSS media queries.
Motto Of Responsive Web Design
Responsive web design is used by different people, like web developers and web designers, and also for business purposes. This responsive web design plays a vital role in different fields. It helps web designers or developers make their websites usable by the users on every device.
With the help of this responsive web design, developers can easily create a site that will be suitable for a range of devices rather than building different versions of websites that will suit each one. Some websites have different versions, like separate for mobile users and others for web users.
Those websites are not very recommendable by the users for this reason. As they don’t get the same features in both versions, there are some limitations, mostly in mobile versions. So, the apps developed with responsive websites are suitable for all kinds of devices and are more recommended.
Responsive web design will not just increase the number of visitors to your website, but it will also boost the SEO performance. Search engines like Google Chrome always give more approvals to user-friendly sites. There are two basic types of web design: RESPONSIVE AND ADAPTIVE.
Responsive Web Design
with the help of responsive web design, it will dynamically change the site’s page layout according to the device’s display type, width, height, etc. It also uses CSS media queries for its work. Using responsive web design, the user has to create one flexible layout, and afterward, the RWD will change it according to the device automatically. This responsive website design is more suitable for the larger sites being designed for the first time.
Adaptive Web Design
according to its name, it will first detect the screen size and then load the appropriate layout. In adaptive web design, we must create different versions for all devices separately, particularly mobile and web. It is good for simple, small sites.
How Responsive Web Design Works?
There are some important elements with the help of which this software performs its task of creating a responsive web design. These elements are necessary for you to be able to create a site that will be responsive web designed. These are all called the building elements of responsive web design. Let’s discuss the main elements.
1. CSS OR HTML
The main building blocks of responsive web design are the two languages that work together and make it possible. These two languages are HTML and CSS. These languages control the whole content on the site and the page layout in any web browser.
Both languages are responsible for different tasks. For example, HTML is mainly responsible for the website’s structure, elements, and content. When you have to add some media on the websites like image or video, you will use the HTML code like
<img src=”image. Gif” alt= “image” class=”full-width-img”>
You can use the “class” or “id” to be targeted with CSS code later. With the help of HTML, you can easily control the primary attributes like height and width of the web page in your HTML, but this use is not very common or recommended.
On the other hand, CSS is used for editing design and different layouts of the elements you have added to the web page with HTML. You have to use the code to edit the width of all the images with HTML at the element level.
You can also target a class like “full-width-img” by adding the period in the front. Web design is not just limited to height, width, or color. You can do more to enhance your web page with this responsive web design. But only some elements can be used to enhance your web page. It would help to use them collectively, like CSS or HTML, with media queries.
2. Media Query
This is the factor that will enable the content on your website to adapt to different factors like the screen size or resolution of the screen of the device you are using. Media query is an important part of CSS3. If you are familiar with the programming language, you might have heard the “if clause.” this media query is just like the if clause of programming language. And is used to check that IF the screen viewpoint is wide enough or too wide before applying the main code.
It will tell you about the whole details; if your device’s screen is at least 780 pixels wide, the full-length or full-width image will take up almost 90% of the screen of the device, and it will be equally centered by both margins automatically. It will set the more suitable design automatically for the users.
3. Fluid Layout
This element is young but the main part of modern responsive design. If you are familiar with the old responsive web design version, you might have seen that you would set a static value for each HTML, like 700 pixels. But in the modern version, this fluid layout depends on dynamic values like the percentage of viewpoint width.
This element of responsive web design will automatically increase or decrease the size of different containers or headings according to the screen size of the device on which you are using it.
4. Flexbox Layout
The fluid layout we have discussed above is the percentage-based layout, but more than that, the layout is needed for accurate, responsive web designs, according to certain web developers or designers. That layout is not dynamic.
So they have arranged the new layout named flexbox layout, which is a CSS module designed as a more efficient way to lay out multiple elements. It will also be helpful when the size of the content inside the box is still being determined.
The boxes or containers of the flex layout are adjustable according to the space available. They will expand if they see the free space around them or will shrink their sizes if there is little space so that there will be no overflow. These boxes or containers have different properties like it will justify the site’s content that you cannot edit with regular HTML elements.
5. Responsive Image
The basic elements of responsive images follow the same rules as the fluid layout, as these images also use the dynamic unit to control the width or height. There is a sample
The % unit in the example of the width or height of the viewport will also ensure that the image on the site will remain in the exact proportion of the device’s screen. However, the problem arises when everyone desires to download the image in full size, even the mobile users.
For different versions that are created for different devices, you have to use the different HTML in your image tags so that it will specify more than one image size to choose from. For example, if you have used WordPress, you might have experienced that WordPress uses this functionality for images or posts on their sites.
The most prioritized thing while creating a responsive web design is the site’s loading speed. Because it is the thing that will either make your user stay on your page or leave it immediately, it is recorded that web pages that load in 2 seconds have an average 9% bounce rate, while those that take 5 seconds or more than that will only get a 38% bounce rate.
If you are doing a responsive web design, ensure the design keeps the page’s first render as much as it needs to. Some important factors will help your web page be faster, like optimizing your images, implementing cache and minification, using a more efficient CSS layout, avoiding render-blocking JS, and improving your critical rendering path.
How To Make Your Website More Responsive
Now that you are familiar with all the building blocks of web design. Now it’s time to make your knowledge into living. Let’s see how you can make the website responsive. Follow the following steps to make your website responsive:
STEP 1: Set Your Media Query Range
First of all, you have to select the exact range of media queries based on your design’s unique needs. Like if you want to follow the bootstrap standards for your design, for this purpose, you have to use the following media queries:
576px for the portrait phones
768px for all tablets
992px for laptops
1200px for larger devices
These are the media query ranges that you have to follow with the bootstrap standards.
STEP 2: Size Layout Elements / Create a CSS Frid Layout
Now, you have to create different sizes of the web page for different layout elements depending on all media queries or screen breakpoints. All the designs have different numbers of layout containers, but along with this main focus of many sites are:
Wrapper or containers
While using the percentage-based approach, the “float” attribute controls a specific side of the screen an element will appear on the left or right. With all these basic designs, if you want to go beyond these and create cutting-edge responsive design, you have to make yourself known to the CSS flexbox layout and its attributes like flex.
STEP 3: Implement Responsive Images
There are some sites that, when you open them on a mobile phone, will break their images; there is only one way to make sure that your images won’t break: using the dynamic value for all the pictures. But remember that this will never reduce the load on the website or the device whenever they come to your website.
Always use the srcset with all the different sizes of images when you add it to the web page. It will take much time to do it manually; CMS like WordPress will automatically make it happen whenever you upload the image.
STEP 4: Responsive Typography For text
The main purpose of responsive web design is the responsiveness of the layout blocks, elements, and media. With all these, text is always treated as an afterthought. But when designing a truly responsive web, you have to focus on the font size of the text; it should match the screen size.
For your ease, you can set a static value for font size like 22 px and adapt it in each media query. At the same time, you can target all the text or multiple elements using commas.
STEP 5: Test Responsiveness
Lastly, you have to test whether your website is mobile-friendly or not. You can do this testing with Google’s mobile-friendly test. On that, you have to enter the URL of your website and click on the option “test URL”, it will show you the results for your website. If it takes a lot of time, your site’s loading speed is still slow.
On a window or computer, press CTRL+ Shift+ I or Command+ Option+ I on Macs to open the device view. At that point, you can select the mobile device or tablet of your choice to test the design responsiveness of your website.
If you are a web designer or web developer, you must be familiar with responsive web design. This software will help your website to be more responsive in terms of design. But this responsive web design consists of several important elements without which you can’t operate your operation with responsive web design. With these elements, you will be able to make your website more responsive and save you time.
If you don’t want to do all these things yourself, you can hire any WordPress developer to do your work effectively. In this article, we have discussed how you can make your website responsive and also what are the building blocks of responsive web design.
1. What are those software with the help of which user can create a responsive web design site?
There are some software to create responsive web design sites; those are:
2. How can I test my website for accessibility?
Sue different sites or software that will help you to test your website for different accessibilities.